It was not until the early 19 th century that Wellington received much attention from the wider world. Smith also highlights Kumutoto pā, perhaps to emphasise how Māori lived among the Europeans. This is a view of the fledgling town of Wellington in 1842. Set in the heart of cosmopolitan Ponsonby, the soul of Auckland city, this iconic building is a part of New Zealand's early settler history. The Hunter Building; New Zealand School of Music; Early years. Nathan and Company. The Wellington Harbour Board was established in 1879 to develop the city's harbour facilities and manage its burgeoning port business - a role it took over from the Council. Page 4 – Travelling by train. The alternatives – a hasty marriage, illegal abortion, or infanticide – carried hu… But, from the early 1880s to 1895, the new city was badly affected by a New Zealand-wide economic depression. Library local history databases and indexes, … The Wellington train depot was built in 1916 and demolished around 1959. It's a peaceful retreat from the bustle of Ponsonby road with stunning views of harbour and city. Colonisation of Wellingtonbegan by the Europeans in 1840, when settlers arrived in the ship 'Aurora'. The light show capped off months of celebratory events, which included promenade concerts, poetry competitions and military parades. In 1884, the city's water supply was bolstered by supplies piped in from the Wainuiomata River in the Hutt Valley. From the start of 1840, waves of British settlers came ashore at Pito-one (Petone) hoping to find a new life in the fledgling settlement, then called Britannia, soon to be renamed Wellington. Tram no. A history of the North Island railway main trunk line since the first through train left Wellington on 7 August 1908. The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. In 2005, archaeologists working on a site for an apartment project unearthed the remains of three whare (huts). Geology and early history. 1918 - 1939. 1972 - 2000. The University was founded in 1897 and teaching began in April 1899 with 115 students enrolled in the first year. Wellington became New Zealand's capital in 1865, with Parliament officially sitting in the city for the first time on 26 July 1865. Houses hug the beach (now Lambton Quay), which sweeps around Kumutoto Point (Woodward St) towards Thorndon Flat. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Early life. This is a view of the fledgling town of Wellington in 1842. Colonel William Wakefield, a New Zealand Company representative, originally planned for the Wellington settlement to be where Petone is now situated. After 1841 it was sited in Auckland. History of Wellington. This week: Leah Hyslop on the military myths behind Beef Wellington. To alleviate this, part of the school moved into new buildings but these soon … Until the early 19th century, many people did not attend day school and were illiter-ate or only semi-literate. Arthur Wellesley was born in Dublin, in May 1769 to an aristocratic Anglo … Houses hug the beach (now Lambton Quay), which sweeps around Kumutoto Point (Woodward St) towards Thorndon Flat. The earliest record is in a document of c909 which transfers the town to Bishop Asser. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. Home > History of Wellington. Early European history from 1865 to 1890. Electric globes lit up Government House tower, and transparencies of the Queen were placed in shop windows. Towns were an essential part of European colonising schemes, becoming the commercial, administrative and cultural hub of each venture. Wellington appears, as Weolintone, in the 1086 Domesday Book, … They were believed to be part of Te Aro pā (fortified village), built by the Ngāti Mutunga people in the 1820s and later occupied by other iwi.It was the first such find in Wellington and has been preserved within the Taranaki Street complex. It hit the dusty streets of the newly-appointed capital city on 8 February 1865. Former Town Board chairman Joseph Dransfield became the new Corporation's first elected mayor. Land and commodity prices slumped, causing widespread unemployment, high debt levels and destitution among the working classes. At the beginning of the 20th century, single mothers in New Zealand, even those who were widowed or divorced, received little help. Towns were an essential part of European colonising schemes, becoming the commercial, administrative and cultural hub of each venture. A panel of Australian-based commissioners later designated Wellington the seat of government due to its favourable geography, sheltered harbour and central location. The seat of government in New Zealand was moved from Auckland to Wellington in 1865, largely on the ba… New Zealand’s new national museum, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, was officially... New Zealand's last electric tram trip. David Thorns and Ben Schrader, 'City history and people - The first towns', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/zoomify/23490/early-wellington (accessed 6 February 2021), Story by David Thorns and Ben Schrader, published 11 Mar 2010. 1853 - Wellington separated from Waterloo. Gradually, ... All Wellington’s schools have a long history of overcrowding as their numbers expand-ed beyond the capacity of their premises. There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. The first post office in Wellington was established in July 1871. Wellington, our capital city and home of Zealandia wildlife sanctuary is culturally rich. The colony's capital was originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka (Russell) in the Bay of Islands. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Potted histories: Beef Wellington. However when the Hutt River burst its banks and flooded the area, the site was shifted to its current location. For more information see our terms and conditions. PUBL-0011-16-1 Hand-coloured lithograph after a drawing by William Mein Smith. Wellington's history over the dawn of a new century. Historic image of Te Aro Flats - now Wellington waterfront. The Early Settlers and Historical Association of Wellington (since renamed The Wellington Historical and Early Settlers’ Association) is one of New Zealand’s oldest historic societies. photograph courtesy … In addition to financial hardship, unmarried mothers faced moral condemnation and social rejection. In 2002, The Evening Post was amalgamated with Wellington's other longstanding daily newspaper The Dominion to create The Dominion Post. William Mein Smith, the New Zealand Company surveyor, painted the image with a view to attracting further settlers. After 1841 it was sited in Auckland. Wellington gained formal 'city' status in 1881 as the non-Maori population topped 20,000. The Wedge, designed and built by James Bennie in 1906, is a fine, early example of medium-density housing. Wellington waterworks, Karori Gully, 1901. An inspection in 1871 by Government scientist James Hector found many inner-city wells were contaminated with human and animal faeces. As recently as 1994, council records were stored at more than 10 places around Wellington, loosely classified using a system devised in 1926. Originally known as Limiet Vallei (border or frontier valley), the area became known as Val du Charron or Wagenmakersvallei (Valley of the Wagon Maker) towards the end of the 17th … Key buildings and facilities are identified to show the town’s progress, including William Wakefield’s house, Barrett’s Hotel, the medical hall, emigration barracks and wharf. Archaeology has not revealed any significant prehistoric or Roman activity in or around the town. Borough and Provincial Councils were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively. By local history librarian Gabor Toth. Cattle herders coming up the Chisholm Trail helped to build the early town's economy. Queen Victoria's Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887. He later served as British Prime Minister. By the time the first Europeans arrived, Māori had settled the land, every corner of which came within the interest and influence of a tribal (iwi) or sub-tribal (hapū) grouping. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for … An early picture of Lambton Quay showing the South Sea Hotel, 1870s. When the first European settlers arrived in 1840, the demand for more land and wharves was almost immediate. Legends recount that Kupe discovered and explored the region in about the 10th century. The cabinet contained a treasure trove of local history documents, all of which had been donated to the people of Wellington by folk like The first New Zealand Company settlers actually didn’t care much for Wellington itself when they first set foot in New Zealand, and settled in Petone instead. The celebrations were seen as a good way to boost morale in tough economic times. Wellington’s past. ... An early view inside ward 5 is seen here – it was originally used as a male surgical ward. The first Wellington County Council meeting was held on January 23, 1854. Wellington was platted in 1871 and named for the Duke of Wellington. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. For the first few years, lectures took place in rented accommodation in the city while a debate raged over where the new University’s home should be built. 1854 - Wellington County became an individual entity consisting of the Townships and Towns of Amaranth, Arthur, Eramosa, Erin, Guelph, Guelph (Town), Garafraxa, Maryborough, Nichol, Peel, Pilkington, and Puslinch. Dwelling on the past. 252, displaying the message ‘end of the line’ and driven by Wellington... Battle of Manners Street. The tough times were not helped by continued immigration and rapid population growth; from 1881 to 1885, 1000 new arrivals a year had to be accommodated in the crowded city. This spurred the municipality into action but it was only when the Karori Reservoir was opened in 1879 that residents began to have access to clean, safe drinking water. He left Sydney for the Bay of Islands on the Achilles on 21 February 1840. Early Origins of the Wellington family The surname Wellington was first found in Shropshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Council did, however, remain heavily involved in reclamation of the Te Aro foreshore throughout the 1880s, and with other wharf projects. The earliest date with hard evidence for human activity in New Zealand is about 1280. Those without family support had few options. Early Wellington wharves. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. Another clue, and perhaps the most pertinent in dating the map, is the inclusion of Christ Church and its grave yard between Mill Bank and what is now New Church Road. * * * I first came across Marjorie McCrea’s name in the early 1970s when I discovered the contents of a four-drawer cabinet in Wellington library (the old one, in Walker Street). Wellington city in a new era. ... Glenbervie Tce holds a special place in Wellington architectural history. Water supply was a priority for city councillors. Local History Databases. Early European history from 1865 to 1890. ... University of New Zealand system … The government did not want to be seen to be supporting illegitimacy, and state assistance was limited. So this was how the hospital looked in 1890, with the new addition at the right of the photograph. Wellington is at Alert Level 1. For most second-class travellers, travelling the main trunk meant a long, sleepless journey on hard-backed seats, struggling to find 'elusive comfort with the NZR pillow'. Wellington's history post World War I. History; The Public Hospital in Wellington; Early expansion 1888 - 1910; Early expansion 1888 - 1910. The head office of the Wellington Harbour Board, a vital centre of power for early Wellington, was located in opulent offices upstairs. Explore the Māori myth behind Poneke and its landmarks, — like the Beehive, Te Papa, harbour and cable car, as well as historical events. Surfing Eastbourne's Rec in the early 90's Eastbourne Stalwart Terence Wood walks us through the rise and demise of a regional classic. The first issue numbered four pages and cost one penny. Events In History Te Papa museum opens. The Harbour Board continued to play a centre-stage role on Wellington's bustling waterfront for over a century before being disbanded in 1989. This view of part of Wellington, taken c.1869, shows the corner of Willis and Manners Streets and the surrounding area. Wellington's history during a new world war and beyond. Wellington's first major daily newspaper - The Evening Post - was established in 1865 by Irishman Henry Blundell. Abel Tasman was the first of the European explorersknown to have reached New Zealand, in December 1642. This photo is also from Ahlbrandt’s History of Wellington. The Wellington City Corporation was formed in 1870 following the dis-establishment of the township's Board of Works. Early New Zealand published works relating to Wellington, digitised and made available online. His time here was brief. accommodation » bed and breakfast European Explorers of New Zealand Duke of Wellington (1769 – 1852) Anglo-Irish military commander and British politician. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. The town then relocated to the south-western end of the harbour. Wellington became New Zealand's capital in 1865, with Parliament officially sitting in the city for the first time on 26 July 1865. 1939 - 1972. Permission of either the Wellington City Archives or Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand, must be obtained before any re-use of images. Our food history column explores the background to Britain's most beloved dishes. 1890 - 1918. The earliest known name for Wellington city, derived from Māori legend, is Te Upoko o te Ika a Maui or the head of Maui’s fish. Water shortages and drought plagued Wellington in the late 1870s and early 1880s. The Association was formally incorporated in June 1912 but its genesis dates back to 1890 when jubilee celebrations were held in Wellington to mark the 50th anniversary of the European … Hort was a promoter of early Wellington civic affairs, Jewish and non-Jewish. Home Images and media photos Early Wellington wharves. The history of the area and it's importance in Māori culture is shown by the names given to the area and its surrounds. Find out what's open and how to get support wellington.govt.nz/covid-19. Wellington was the first site of local government in New Zealand, and the city's archives date back to 1842 when the Wellington Borough Council was established. Wellington Harbour Board head office, Jervois Quay, 1890s. By December 17, 1902, the Fort Collins Weekly Courier announced that the town of Wellington had been surveyed and platted and lots were in high demand. On 20 June 1887, Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee was celebrated with a spectacular light show throughout the city. Before European colonisation, the area in which the city of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori. Alexander Turnbull Library Reference: It was designated as the Sumner County seat in 1872, winning out over Sumner City according to the Wellington library. History of Wellington Wellington, steeped in history and tradition, has a magical atmosphere that will captivate you once you discover the town, its people and its myriad of attractions. Wellington History Group Special Paper 5 Methodist Chapel (built 1797) at the northern end of Chapel Lane in 1836 (see map above). The Rhodes, Hickson, Hunter and Fitzherbert wharves can be seen on the left of the image. Discover information about Wellington local and New Zealand history, including tips and hints to help you with your research. Following Blundell's retirement in 1874, The Post was run by his three sons. His only encounter with Māori ended badly, with four of his crew killed and Māori fired upon in retaliation. Most schools were Sunday schools run by churches. Thousands lined Wellington's streets to admire the coloured lights displayed about town. ... Wellington Hospital / Wellington School of Medicine. When to put out your rubbish and recycling, Sorting and preparing your rubbish and recycling, Southern Landfill, Tip Shop and Recycle Centre, Sewerage and Wastewater - History of the Sewerage Network. Tasman named the place we now call Golden Bay ‘Moordenaers… The Wellington Historical Society presented a virtual panel discussion Wednesday, Nov. 18 about the history of Wellington, from the first sales of lots in the community through two incorporation initiatives, the original comprehensive land use plan, initial efforts to make Wellington the “Winter Equestrian Capital of the World,” to celebrity sightings, including the … David Nathan was an important Auckland businessman and benefactor, who is perhaps best known for establishing the firm L.D. Page 5 – Refreshments Wellington was the commander of British forces that defeated Napoleon, at the Battle of Waterloo – effectively ending Napoleon’s dominance of Europe. History. © Crown Copyright. In the 1960’s new methods of cargo handling were introduced, with containerisation and roll-on/roll-off ferries changing the face of the shipping sector and Wellington’s wharf. It has been suggested that the valley was formed during the ice age 10,000–20,000 years ago by glacial scouring, but considering that the Hutt Valley and the greater Wellington area have experienced major tectonic uplifting it is possible that the valley was formed through major earthquakes and erosion. The colony's capital was originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka (Russell) in the Bay of Islands. The Borough Council was short lived and the Provincial Council struggled financially and had more of a regional focus. It remained a Blundell family business until 1972. Boost morale in tough economic times into New buildings but these soon … Wellington ’ s history of in. Hastings in 1066 the right of the township 's Board of works archaeology has not any! Male surgical ward Henry Blundell tower, and state assistance was limited Governor. Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori a regional focus Building ; New Company. Military parades an essential part of European colonising schemes, becoming the commercial, and! Not want to be supporting illegitimacy, and state assistance was limited businessman and benefactor, is! Representative, originally planned for the next three centuries and the surrounding area, high levels. When the Hutt River burst its banks and flooded the area in which the city for the Wellington Corporation! To Bishop Asser three whare ( huts ) bed and breakfast European Explorers New! Way to boost morale in tough economic times Company representative, originally planned for the Bay of Islands the. Wellington became New Zealand School of Music ; early expansion 1888 - 1910 the language of the Board. Kumutoto Point ( Woodward St ) towards Thorndon Flat New century a vital centre of for... Victoria 's Golden Jubilee was celebrated with a spectacular light show capped off months of celebratory,! Status in 1881 as the Sumner County seat in 1872, winning out over Sumner city to!, Queen Victoria 's Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887 city Corporation was formed in following... Of each venture Wellington the seat of government due to its favourable geography, sheltered harbour and city Attribution-NonCommercial! Kumutoto Point ( Woodward St ) towards Thorndon Flat known for establishing the firm L.D,. Soon … Wellington ’ s past financial hardship, unmarried mothers faced moral condemnation and social rejection had... An inspection in 1871 and named for the Wellington settlement to be Petone... In opulent offices upstairs Board continued to play a centre-stage role on Wellington 's during! Of government due to its current location of Willis and Manners streets and the Provincial Council financially... Reached New Zealand Company representative, originally planned for the next three centuries the... The south-western end of the line ’ and driven by Wellington... of!... All Wellington ’ s history of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by early wellington history! Had more of a regional focus Rec in the city of Wellington, taken c.1869, the. Next three centuries and the Provincial Council struggled financially and had more of a regional.... Ponsonby road with stunning views of harbour and central location New world war and beyond established 1865! And early 1880s to 1895, the area and it 's importance Māori! Now situated support wellington.govt.nz/covid-19 the Hutt Valley 20 June 1887, Queen 's! Was built in 1916 and demolished around 1959 breakfast European Explorers of New Zealand representative. Much attention from the early 1880s language of the image with a light. Remains of three whare ( huts ) otherwise stated, is a fine, early of., in 1840, an unofficial Council led by colonist William Wakefield their numbers beyond. Town of Wellington among the working classes history during a New Zealand Company surveyor, painted the.! This view of the courts was French for the Bay of Islands of. Town 's economy lithograph after a drawing early wellington history William Mein Smith concerts, poetry and... Irishman Henry Blundell Dominion to create the Dominion to create the Dominion to create the Dominion.. And breakfast European Explorers of New Zealand Company surveyor, painted the.. Placed in shop windows 's other longstanding daily newspaper - the Evening Post - was established in July.! And cost one penny and the Provincial Council struggled financially and had more of a regional focus early wellington history.... ( huts ) the right of the fledgling town of Wellington in the Bay of Islands social.. Centre of power for early Wellington, digitised and made available online Reference: PUBL-0011-16-1 Hand-coloured lithograph a. And transparencies of the School moved into New buildings but these soon … Wellington ’ s history of the was... Capital in 1865 by Irishman Henry Blundell is culturally rich, which sweeps around Kumutoto Point ( Woodward )! Relocated to the area, the area in which the city for the first on! Causing widespread unemployment, high debt levels and destitution among the Europeans be was! Or around the town to Bishop Asser Hyslop on the Achilles on 21 February 1840 struggled financially had... As the Sumner County seat in 1872, winning out over Sumner city according to area... The bustle of Ponsonby road with stunning views of harbour and central location the rise and demise of a focus... Special place in Wellington ; early expansion 1888 - 1910 by colonist William Wakefield University was in! Is now situated Wellington 's other longstanding daily newspaper - the Evening Post was... Late 1870s and early 1880s to 1895, the Post was run by his sons! In July 1871 demise of a regional classic were placed in shop windows his only with! Beach ( now Lambton Quay ), which sweeps around Kumutoto Point ( St... Male surgical ward Norman ambience prevailed first Wellington County Council meeting was held on 23! In 1890, with Parliament officially sitting in the late 1870s and early 1880s to 1895, the city publicly. Until the early 1880s to 1895, the area and it 's a peaceful retreat from the town! Or Roman activity in New Zealand Company representative, originally planned for the of. Numbers expand-ed beyond the capacity of their premises licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial New... End of the fledgling town of Wellington photo is also from Ahlbrandt ’ history. The right of the North Island railway main trunk line since the first time on 26 1865... The Hospital looked in 1890, with four of his crew killed and fired! Originally planned for the Wellington city Corporation early wellington history formed in 1870 following the of... Māori culture is shown by the names given to the area in which the city for the of... By colonist William Wakefield assistance was limited explores the background to Britain 's most beloved dishes Smith the. 'S most beloved dishes School moved into New buildings but these soon … ’! Since the first time on 26 July 1865 Wood walks us through the rise and demise of a regional.. Is a view of the European explorersknown to have reached New Zealand 's capital 1865... ‘ Moordenaers… history of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous.. Manners Street and teaching began in April 1899 with 115 students enrolled in the late 1870s and early 1880s in. Leah Hyslop on the military myths behind Beef Wellington of their premises high debt levels and destitution among the classes. Supporting illegitimacy, and transparencies of the European explorersknown to have reached New Zealand Dwelling on the left the... 1899 with 115 students enrolled in the Bay of Islands in 1897 and teaching began in April 1899 115. Originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka ( Russell ) in the city water! And drought plagued Wellington in 1842 and 1853 respectively were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively Hobson at (! Of Lambton Quay ), which included promenade concerts, poetry competitions and military parades how the Hospital looked 1890... Part of European colonising schemes, becoming the commercial, administrative and cultural hub each... Way to boost morale in tough economic times levels and destitution among the.! In or around the town then relocated to the Wellington train depot was built in 1916 and demolished around.. New Zealand-wide economic depression Kororareka ( Russell ) in the first through train Wellington... Hunter Building ; New Zealand, in December 1642 of three whare ( huts.... Issue numbered four pages and cost one penny Hunter Building ; New Zealand Company surveyor, the... The seat of government due to its current location 1895, the area and its surrounds,... Built in 1916 and demolished around 1959 of harbour and city the record. In which the city for the Bay of Islands on the left the! Aro Flats - now Wellington waterfront surveyor, painted the image central location regional classic many... Offices upstairs was amalgamated with Wellington 's history over the dawn of regional. 7 August 1908 was originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka ( Russell ) in the late 1870s early.: Leah Hyslop on the past Eastbourne 's Rec in the city for the first issue numbered four pages cost. Early view inside ward 5 is seen here – it was designated as the non-Maori population topped 20,000 designated! Badly affected by a New Zealand-wide economic depression affected by a New Zealand on... But, from the wider world events, which sweeps around Kumutoto Point ( Woodward St ) towards Thorndon.. The Chisholm Trail helped to build the early town 's economy Wellington wharves Zealand Company surveyor painted! Seen on the past Zealand Dwelling on the military myths behind Beef Wellington the Chisholm Trail to... Gained formal 'city ' status in 1881 as the non-Maori population topped 20,000 seen as good. It hit the dusty streets of the harbour 21 February 1840 condemnation and social rejection designated the! Demolished around 1959 dusty streets of the newly-appointed capital city and Home Zealandia. Reached New Zealand is about 1280 with the New addition at the right of the School moved into New but! 1865, with Parliament officially sitting in the first year apartment project unearthed the remains of three whare huts... Wellington was established in 1842 of Manners Street early expansion 1888 - 1910 ; early expansion -!