It is said that when Alexander was fighting for the city, a poisoned arrow struck him, making him ill and eventually leading to his death. Posted by Emma Tanzil June 24, 2020 Posted in Past Papers of PPSC, NTS & FPSC Tags: Job in labour and human resource department-2019, Junior clerk (BS-11)-2019, Ppsc past papers-2019. After a long and bloody battle, Multan was made part of the British Raj. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. In the first group are Mohenjodaro, Harappa and the like. Pakistan is born on 14th august 1947. When Muhammad Ibn Alkasim Ibn Almunaibh conquered Multan, he inquired how the town had become so very flourishing and so many treasures had there been accumulated, and then he found out that this idol was the cause, for there came pilgrims from all sides to visit it. The city is located on the banks of River Vaigai and also listed as one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. During this time, Sardar Karan Narain's son became an icon during the British Raj and was awarded titles 'Rai Bahadur' and Knighted 'Sir' by Her Majesty. [24] The British then defeated Mulraj's forces at a settlement 4 miles from Multan on 1 July 1848, and captured most guns belonging to Mulraj's army. So it can be seen how far its history can take you. Ruins are still preserved in the city. The Mughals controlled the Punjabi region from 1524 until around 1739. Lahore, Okara and Sheikhupura districts are neighborhood districts of Kasur District. There are many historical places in Pakistan that deserve to be experienced by everyone. Many buildings were constructed in this time, and agricultural production grew rapidly. It … According to archaeologists, the city was built around 2600 BCE and was one … In Punjab and Kashmir, the Marathas plundered the prosperous Mughal cities. Which really is the UK's oldest town? The ruins of the ancient city are located within the modern city of Taxila in Punjab, Pakistan. [1] "Once Keshap Puri (Multan) was capital of the Raja Hurnakas where Hindu Kings had built temple of sun in which idol of sun was laid. The fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar called Gakhars. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The city escaped the destruction brought upon India by the armies of Nadir Shah. Lahore is famous as : It was at this time that Multan was ruled by Nawab Ali Mohammad Khan Khakwani. This just shows how similar India and Pakistan are. "CHILDREN MUST BE TAUGHT HOW TO THINK, NOT WHAT TO THINK". Al Beruni also wrote same name".[2]. When the Karmatians occupied Multan, Jalam Ibn Shaiban, the usurper, broke the idol into pieces and killed its priests. Multan in Punjab province of Pakistan is one of the oldest cities in South Asia, though its exact age has yet to be determined. The Indus Valley Civilization (also known as Harappan culture) has its earliest roots in cultures such as that of Mehrgarh, approximately 6000 BCE. The Indus Valley Civilization or The Harappan Civilization is among the oldest civilizations such as Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, It lasted from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Some famous names include Islamia College University, Gandhara University, University of Peshawar, University of Agriculture and many more. Things which are regard as grandeur in other parts of the country and the world, can be bought at bargain price in this city. Peshawar is the hub of present government. So practically all previous settlements must be divided into 1- prehistoric group, and 2- medieval settlements. Muhammad Bin Qasim destroyed the water-course; upon which the inhabitants, oppressed with thirst, surrendered at discretion. 繁體中文 简体中文. Buzrag bin Shahryar wrote the name of temple as Aadith (sun). 2008. Peshawar as a city holds a significant place in terms of trade, on account of its connection with Afghanistan through Historic Khyber Pass. A graphic detail is available in Al-Biruni's writings: A famous idol of theirs was that of Multan, dedicated to the sun, and therefore called Aditya. Population:982,816 Peshawar is the capital of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan (previously known as the North West Frontier Province). Eye Pakistan. Pakistan is situated in South Asia and ranks among the world's most populated countries.The country boasts of over 200 million inhabitants occupying 881,913 km 2 of landmass. The ancient city of Taxila was established at the pivotal juncture of Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. [18], In an effort to gain his allegiance, the Fatimid Ismaili Imam-caliph al-Hakim dispatched an envoy to Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi two years later. Clifton is one of the most affluent parts of the city, with some of Karachi's most expensive real estate. Prime Minister Imran Khan started his journey in politics from Peshawar by laying the strong foundation of his political party. Current Affairs; Features. Shah nawaz said: : No dear its mehrgarh. History of India and Pakistan: Great Mughals by Muhammad Tariq Awan published by Ferozsons, 1994, "The Historical Interaction between the Buddhist and Islamic Cultures before the Mongol Empire – 20 The Ghurid Campaigns on the Indian Subcontinent | Study Buddhism", University of Education Lahore (Multan Campus), List of educational institutions in Multan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Multan&oldid=992483992, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from October 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 14:29. Therefore, he thought it best to have the idol where it was, but he hung a piece of cow's flesh on its neck by way of mockery. Peshawar comprises wide range of Educational Institutes which aim at providing quality education to the future to tomorrow. Groundwater poisoning from arsenic degrading ecosystem rapidly. It is als… against Niwasa Khan, who was then captured and forced to relinquish his personal fortune to Ghazni. This fort was actually built as a garrison by the then ruler of the area, Sher Shah Suri. However, only a few decades later, Muhammad bin Qasim would come on behalf of the Arabs, and take Multan along with Sindh. Peshawar is linked with Karachi through N-5, which is the longest National Highway in Pakistan and serves as North-South artery. It is the city with best local food and culture. Extending from modern day Afghanistan and Pakistan to northwest India, the Indus Valley Civilization covered 1.25 million kilometers, making it the most widespread civilization of the ancient world. The ancient city of Takshashila in modern-day Pakistan has often been regarded as one of the oldest human settlements on the planet. The death of Muzaffar Khan was in fact the death of Muslim rule in Multan. [8][10][12], Jalam bin Shayban, a proselytizing Da'i that had been dispatched to the region by the Fatimid Caliph Imam al-Mu'izz,[16] was dispatched to replace the city's previous Da'i who had been accused of promoting a syncretic version of Islam that incorporated Hindu rites[11] – though his replacement was likely the result of doctrinal differences regarding succession in the Ismaili Imamate. It has seen a lot of warfare because of its location on a major invasion route between South and Central Asia. World's only surviving Bronze Age metropolis in Pakistan faces ruin Archeologists say that 5,000 year-old city of Mohenjodaro, the world's oldest planned urban … If you love to explore new passions, viosion oriented trips, get ideas, just visit Our Site for Historical Places of Pakistan in 2021-2022. It is famous for its Sufi shrines. Amid the second wave of Covid-19 which has gripped Pakistan, the city is wrapped in a blanket of smog. It used to be the capital of the Gandhara civilization which stretched to Japan; Sialkot - The city of sports goods, famous for its exports industry, one of the oldest cities in the region; Other destinations During the course of its existence, the city was occupied by Alexander the Great, Persian rulers, as well as ancient India’s Maurya Empire, among others. Qarmatians zealots had famously sacked Mecca,[13] and outraged the Muslim world with their theft and ransom of the Kaaba's Black Stone, and desecration of the Zamzam Well with corpses during the Hajj season of 930 CE. All Entertaintment Environment Food People. Write your comments here: Name *: Email: Alert me Admin. Required fields are marked * Comment. Name * Email * Website. The Largest cantonment of Pakistan army is located in ? Main hospitals of the city are Peshawar General Hospital, Lady Reading Hospital, MTI Peshawar, Khyber Teaching Hospital and many more. The Khakwani Nawabs of Multan at this time were paying homage to the Afghan king but due to lack of power in Delhi and Kabul they had free rein and were the de facto absolute rulers of Multan. Which among the following is the oldest city of Pakistan? The entire city used to be walled and at that time just like today, Taif was known for being agriculturally rich. Sikh armies under General Hari Singh Nalwa defeated the ruler of Multan, Muzaffar Khan Saddozai. This attempt appeared to be unsuccessful and the Ghaznawids continued to attack other Ismaili strongholds in Sindh to suppress any resurgence of the community in the region. In the 19th century, the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh with his capital at Lahore occupied Multan. The New Encyclopedia of Islam. It is the oldest building in Pakistan. Multan at that time included areas which are part of Vehari, Bahawalpur, and Dera Ghazi Khan districts. The eastern part of the city contains ruins of Banbhore Mosque with an inscription dating to 727 AD, sixteen years after the conquest of Sindh, indicating the best-preserved example of the earliest mosques in the region. [19] Muhammad Ghori as a part of his campaigns to conquer north India, again massacred them.[20]. I have put together a list of the Top 5 oldest living cities in India. However, attempts to take the Multan fort failed and they retreated after collecting several million rupees loot from the ruler Shuja Khan Saddozai. One who ever visit Peshawar must buy Peshawari Chappal as it is famous throughout the … [11][12], By the mid 10th century, Multan had come under the influence of the Qarmatians. At the same time, also Mohalib Bin Aby-Suffra, proceeding with a detachment from thence, in the direction of India, penetrated as far as Multan: when having plundered the country, he returned to the headquarters of the army at Khorassan, bringing with him many prisoners, who were compelled to become converts to the faith.[4]. 'CITY OF PAKISTAN' is a 14 letter phrase starting with C and ending with N Crossword clues for 'CITY OF PAKISTAN' Clue Answer; City of Pakistan (7) KARACHI: City in Pakistan (7) Pakistani city (7) Asian city (7) Former Pakistani capital (7) Synonyms, crossword answers and other related words for CITY OF PAKISTAN [karachi] In the 7th century, Multan had its first arrival of the Muslim armies. The UK's Oldest Cities. It is located on the Pakistan-India Border. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Maratha and Sikh invaded and occupied Multan. Indus Valley civilization (known also as Harappan culture) appeared around 2500 B.C. Only cities like Islamabad are built there after. It is the most visiting place in Pakistan for tourists also. Join me @drewbinsky! He massacred the men capable of bearing arms, but the children were taken captive, as well as ministers of the temple, to the number of 6,000. Earlier known as Yathrib, the city’s history dates back to more than 2,600 years ago. Afghans recaptured the city in 1880 and rule of Bhangi Sikhs ended. Below are some places in Lahore that are fairly unknown to the general public but they are rich in history and … Post navigation. [24] The British soon launched expeditions against Mulraj, capturing the nearby town of Dera Ghazi Khan. Shalimar Garden is located in the city of: Capital of Pakistan? Taxila was strategically positioned at the juncture of three main trade routes, which contributed to the city's prosperity. Rohtas Fort, the one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan, built by king Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. Properties of any sort can easily be searched on Jaageer portal. The Indus Valley Civilization or The Harappan Civilization is among the oldest civilizations such as Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, It lasted from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. It is considered to be as the world’s earliest urban settlement was designed with contemporaneous with ancient Egypt and Minoa civilizations. 4. The first wealth is health. Your email address will not be published. 2020 Jaageer.com. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Multan. SUBSCRIBE for daily travel videos: http://bit.ly/2hyQnZ1 INSTAGRAM? This is the world’s largest funeral site, spread over an area of an estimated … Ujjain The city is home to most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva, Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple and host Simhastha Kumbha Mela, held once in 12 years in India. The Sadozais having gained the favour of the king and having the Khakwani Nawab removed. Kasur is one of the oldest cities of Pakistan. It initially lacked industry, hospitals and universities. When it was first discovered just under a century ago, its significance was not fully realized. More than 75 injured in third terrorist attack in a week on same city, as total death toll since last Sunday climbs to 130 Maratha rule in Multan was short-lived as Durrani re-captured the city in November 1759.[23]. [17] The city was surrendered, and Abdul Fateh Daud was permitted to retain control over the city with the condition that he adhere to the Sunni interpretation of Islam. It is famous by the name of City of Flowers. Required fields are marked *, All Rights Are Reserved. Pakistan is a region rich for its cultural history and diversity. The current name Multan was possibly associated with the Mali people who were defeated by Alexander the Great. waqas . Pakistan is the only Muslim country after Turkey to open Combat Jobs for women. 2 - There is 100 % literacy rate since 1970. It has seen a lot of warfare because of its location on a major invasion route between South and Central Asia. It is one of the oldest city of the world. It is home to several foreign consulates, while its commercial centres are amongst the most high-end in Pakistan, with a strong presence of international brands. [21][22] Maratha general Bapuji Trimbak was given the charge of guarding Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan from Afghans. Pakistan is a country which is absolutely a gem for the tourists. It is als… Machu Picchu is an ancient city from the Inca civilization. Need to start green energy before the cities become Mohenjodaro. It originated in Pakistan and later spread across the Indian sub-continent, It included North-East Afghanistan, Western India and consiste… Actually Sher Shah Suri was scared from Gakhars and made the fort to save his throne. In 1032, Mahmud's very own vizier, Hasanak was executed for having accepted a cloak from the Imam-caliph on suspicions that he had become an adherent of the Ismaili fiqh. Now Jaageer.com is in Peshawar and is aiming to not only provide possibility for the residents of Peshawar to enjoy the luxurious lifestyle facilities, but also Ideal Investment Opportunities for investors. [24] On 22 January 1849, the British had breached the walls of the Multan Fort, leading to the surrender of Mulraj and his forces to the British.[24]. Pakistan’s Indus Valley, 1922 - An officer discovered the ruins of the ancient city Mohenjo Daro (which means Mound of the Dead), thought to be one of the earliest cities in the world. Arun. Oldest city of pakistan Ask for details ; Follow Report by Aqibkhan 21.02.2018 lahore This period saw the rise of Sikh power, who attacked Multan, killing the Sadozai Nawab, took over the city. Peshawar is offering services of many hospitals concerning the health care. The Punjab government embarked on a major project in 2009 to restore the Royal Trail (Shahi Guzar Gah) from Akbari Gate to the Lahore Fort with the help of the World Bank under the Sustainable Development of the Walled City of Lahore ( SDWCL ) project. Don't believe these myths about Real Estate agent. The Walled City of Lahore known locally as the “Un-droone Shehr” (Inner City) is the oldest and most historic part of Lahore. Their traditional recipes include CHAPLI KABAB, FRIED FISH, and KABULI PALAO in the top of the list. For thousands of years, the city of Lahore has been a hub for commerce, politics, and the arts. along the Indus River valley in Punjab and Sindh. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Every oldest city in India is situated on bank of sacred rivers and famous for religious or spiritual activities. Bhangu Sikhs attacked Multan many times and finally captured the city by defeating Shuja khan Sadozai who was the governor of Multan on 22 Dec 1772. Its recorded history dates back to at least 539 BC, making it the oldest city in Pakistan and one of the oldest in South Asia. Afterwards it was ruled from Kabul by numerous Afghan dynasties for a while, including by Ahmed Shah Durrani, who, in 1750, appointed a Hindu Subahdar Malik Banwari Lal (Vijh) to administer Multan (and later Shujabaad and Pak Pattan). The city’s rich history is often overshadowed by its breathtaking landscapes and ‘un-deserty’ weather. Alongside Makkah, Taif was a major pilgrimage center in the pre-Islamic era. For the majority of its medieval history, the Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The city also hosts much of Pakistan's Tourist Industry. Following bin Qasim's conquest, the city was securely under Muslim rule, although it was in effect an independent state, but around the start of the 11th century, the city was attacked twice by Mahmud of Ghazni who destroyed the Sun Temple and broke its giant Idol. 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